is any substance that has been engineered to interact with biological systems for a medical purpose
supports and protects the various organs of the body
is a resilient and smooth elastic tissue, a rubber-like padding that covers and protects the ends of long bones at the joints
in which cellular material is injected into a patient
is the branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system.
Osteoarthritis results from breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone. The most common symptoms are joint pain and stiffness
is a branch of translational research in tissue engineering and molecular biology which deals with the “process of replacing, engineering or regenerating human cells, tissues or organs to restore or establish normal function”
is a branch of medicine devoted to the diagnosis and therapy of rheumatic diseases. Rheumatologists deal mainly with immune-mediated disorders of the musculoskeletal system, soft tissues, autoimmune diseases and heritable connective tissue disorders.
and progenitor cells act as a repair system for the body. They replenish dying cells and regenerate damaged tissues
is the use of a combination of cells, engineering and materials methods, and chemical factors to improve or replace biological tissues. Tissue engineering involves the use of a tissue scaffold for the formation of new viable tissue for a medical purpose.
or bench to bedside refers to the “translation” of basic scientific findings from a laboratory setting into potential treatments to create new therapies, medical procedures, or diagnostics.